Emergency Preparation Kit and Information
You may need to survive on your own after an emergency. This means having your own food, water, and other supplies in sufficient quantity to last for at least three days. Local officials and relief workers will be on the scene after a disaster, but they cannot reach everyone immediately. You could get help in hours, or it might take days. In addition, basic services such as electricity, gas, water, sewage treatment, and telephones may be cut off for days, or even a week or longer.
Recommended Items to Include in a Basic Emergency Supply Kit:
- Water, one gallon of water per person per day for at least three days, for drinking and sanitation
- Food, at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food
- Battery-powered or hand crank radio and a NOAA Weather Radio with tone alert and extra batteries for both
- Flashlight and extra batteries
- First aid kit
- Whistle to signal for help
- Dust mask, to help filter contaminated air and plastic sheeting and duct tape to shelter-in-place
- Moist towelettes, garbage bags and plastic ties for personal sanitation
- Wrench or pliers to turn off utilities
- Can opener for food (if kit contains canned food)
- Local maps
- Cell phone with chargers, inverter or solar charger
Additional Items to Consider Adding to an Emergency Supply Kit:
- Prescription medications and glasses
- Infant formula and diapers
- Pet food and extra water for your pet
- Cash or traveler’s checks and change
- Important family documents such as copies of insurance policies, identification and bank account records in a waterproof, portable container. You can use the Emergency Financial First Aid Kit (EFFAK) – PDF, 277Kb) developed by Operation Hope, FEMA and Citizen Corps to help you organize your information.
- Emergency reference material such as a first aid book or information from www.ready.gov.
- Sleeping bag or warm blanket for each person. Consider additional bedding if you live in a cold-weather climate.
- Complete change of clothing including a long sleeved shirt, long pants and sturdy shoes. Consider additional clothing if you live in a cold-weather climate.
- Household chlorine bleach and medicine dropper – When diluted nine parts water to one part bleach, bleach can be used as a disinfectant. Or in an emergency, you can use it to treat water by using 16 drops of regular household liquid bleach per gallon of water. Do not use scented, color safe or bleaches with added cleaners.
- Fire Extinguisher
- Matches in a waterproof container
- Feminine supplies and personal hygiene items
- Mess kits, paper cups, plates and plastic utensils, paper towels
- Paper and pencil
- Books, games, puzzles or other activities for children
If you live in San Diego County and would like to be alerted and notified of any emergency event in San Diego County. This is also helpful if you have an unlisted phone number, cellphone or VOIP phone, or email address that you would like to be alerted on.
ALERT SAN DIEGO- Sign up your cellphone or VOIP to get Reverse 911 Calls
Below is an excerpt From http://readysetgokitsdisasterplan.com/how-to-communicate-with-your-family-during-a-disaster-2/?p=N
A family communications plan.
Sit down with your family tonight and identify:
- Your out-of-town contact. This is the person who lives out of your area and perhaps out of the state that your entire family should call to check in with post-emergency. It’s necessary to pick an out-of-town contact because in some emergencies it’s easier to get through to an out of the area phone number than a local landline or cell phone.
- Write down your out-of-town contact’s name, phone number and email and make sure every family member memorizes the number or puts a copy in their wallet/purse/backpack/briefcase/car.
- Investigate your cell phones: are they 3G-enabled? If so, they might work better in a disaster than traditional cell phones or landlines that could be jammed.
- Enable social media tools such as Twitter, Instant Messager and/or Facebook on your 3G or other mobile phone. Increasingly, local emergencies in the U.S. have shown that Twitter is becoming a go-to location for up-to-the-minute news and updates of emergency situations. By pre-installing applications like these on your phone, you will have more options for checking in on loved ones if traditional methods are not working and more options for receiving news.
- Get a hand-crank or solar powered radio that also charges your phones. You can listen to news and charge your phone and never worry about batteries. Make sure you get the kind that receives NOAA weather stations: those stations enable you to receive weather alerts, evacuation notices and emergency information.
- Subscribe to email alerts through FEMA’s website. You can pick the topic you’d like to be notified on, as well as the frequency.
Below is an excerpt from http://www.fcs.uga.edu/pubs/current/FDNS-E-34-2.html
Preparing a Three-Day Emergency Supply
A three day emergency preparedness kit will be useful for most disasters. Gathering the essential items that could be needed and putting them in one location will help you and your household through the worst days of an emergency. This short-term preparedness kit should of course include food in addition to water, personal hygiene items, flashlights, blankets and other essentials recommended for emergencies. This food supply needs to be non-perishable; select foods that require no refrigeration, minimal or no preparation or cooking, and little or no water. If you will have to heat food you have put away before eating it, pack a grill, camping cookstove and fuel also. For ease in managing your supply, select food items that are compact and lightweight. Include a selection of the following foods in your short-term Disaster Supplies Kit:
- Ready-to-eat canned meats, fruits and vegetables
- Canned juices, milk, soup (if powdered, store extra water)
- Staples: sugar, salt, pepper
- High energy foods: peanut butter, jelly, crackers, granola bars, trail mix
- Foods for infants, elderly persons or persons on special diets (for example, diabetics or those with allergies)
- Comfort/stress foods: cookies, hard candy, sweetened cereals, lollipops, instant coffee, tea bags
Make sure you have a can opener, scissors or knife for cutting open foil and plastic pouches, and disposable plates, cups and utensils. Pack all these items in plastic bags (zipper closures work well) to keep them dry and as airtight as possible. Keep a list of dates when food items need to be inspected and possibly rotated (used and then replaced with newly purchased items).
Foods in a refrigerator and freezer can be used at the beginning of the emergency. See the section, If the Electricity Goes Off…, below. If you have enough advance warning about a possible power outage, you can extend the storage time of food in a freezer by filling empty spaces with frozen water. Fill clean plastic containers or jugs with water and freeze them. Food will keep in a well-insulated, well-filled, closed freezer for 2 to 3 days.
Food Ideas That Keep on the Shelf
Ready to Eat:
- Canned fruits, vegetables, beans, meats, fish
- Canned juices, broths and soups
- Shelf-stable boxes of juices and milk
- Crackers and melba toast (don’t pick combination packs with cheeses or luncheon meats if they require refrigeration)
- Peanut butter, jelly
- Dry, ready-to-eat cereals and granola
- Dried fruits, nuts and trail mixes
- Granola bars
- Hard candy
Also Plan Water Supplies to Prepare:
- Instant oatmeal
- Dry milk
- Powdered drink mixes
- Instant pudding
- Dried soups
- Bouillon cubes or powder
- Instant rice and potatoes